What Does the Inflation Reduction Act Mean for Biofuels?
The Inflation Reduction Act (also known as the Manchin-Schumer bill) is set to invest $369 billion into energy and climate programs largely through tax credits, the largest climate investment in human history. By 2030 it is expected to reduce GHG emissions by 40%.
The bill contains significant tax provisions promoting biodiesel, renewable diesel and SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel).
Biofuel Credits a big part of bill
For 2023-24 there is an extension of the $1 per gallon biodiesel and renewable diesel blender’s tax credit and the $0.50 alternative fuels credit. Between 2025 and 2027 these incentives would convert to a tax credit system based on the amount of carbon reduction achieved. The value of the credits would vary based on the carbon reduction achieved. This credit system, modeled after California’s LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) is set to vary with the measure of carbon intensity producers achieve.
A quick snapshot of what it means to biodiesel, renewable diesel and SAF producers looks like this:
Blender’s Tax Credit 2025-2027
|Biodiesel Credit||SAF Credit||% reduction|
|$1.00/gal||$1.75/gal (up to)||100% (up to)|
|$0.20/gal||$0.35/gal (up to)||57% (up to)|
NATSO and SIGMA say truckers will pay more
Still, two trade groups of fuel retailers oppose the bill.
Their contention is that the bill provides excessive subsidies (or at least unequal) to newer SAF fuels ($1 for biodiesel vs $1.75 for SAF). The trade groups (NATSO and SIGMA) contend that truckers deliver 80% of goods in America, and truckers will have to pay more for biodiesel fuel which will in turn raise the price of goods to the American consumer.
While the bill is far from perfect, and some say is loaded with gifts to the fossil fuel industry, it represents the largest investment in greenhouse gas reduction and renewable fuels ever passed by Congress. The bill now returns to the house and if passed, goes to the President for signature. The House is set to pass the Climate, Health and Tax package on August 12. Not only does it include rules and incentives promoting significant reductions in Greenhouse gas emissions but it provides Medicare the ability to negotiate many drug prices with pharmaceutical companies.
*The measure also includes a blenders tax credit for SAF for 2023-’24, ranging from $1.25 to $1.75 per gallon. Similar to the sliding scale for biodiesel and renewable diesel based on greenhouse-gas (GHG) reductions and carbon intensity, from 2025-’27, SAF would be eligible for a credit up to $1.75 per gallon for those that reduced GHG emissions by 100 percent—whereas a biodiesel that reduced GHG emissions by 100 percent would be eligible for $1 per gallon. Similarly, SAF that reduces GHG emissions by 57 percent would be eligible for a tax credit of 35 cents per gallon while a biodiesel or renewable diesel fuel with the same carbon-reduction profile would receive 20 cents per gallon.